How to vote

What to do at the polling station, how to vote by proxy or by post and how to find a polling station.

Vote at the polling station

Voter ID

The Elections Act 2022 introduced the requirement for voters in Great Britain to show photo identification in order to vote in polling stations at elections. A voter without an accepted form of photo identification will be unable to vote at their polling station. Move information about the accepted forms of photo identification, and how you can apply for a Voter Authority Certificate (a special ID that can be used for voting if you do not have a suitable form of ID can be found here: Voter ID required for voting at elections.

Poll cards

You should receive your poll cards at least two weeks before an election or referendum. Each member of the household who is eligible to vote should receive a poll card. The card will state the date of the election or referendum, the hours of poll and where your polling station is.

The main run of poll cards for the general election on 4 July 2024 are expected to be delivered in the week commencing 10 June 2024.

If you do not receive a poll card before an election or referendum and are registered and eligible, please contact Electoral Services. 

Poll cards are sent to electors for information purposes, and you do not need to take it with you to the polling station in order to vote. However, you do need to bring a photo ID with you to vote.

Find out more about what types of photo ID is acceptable and how to apply for a free Voter Authority Certificate if you do not have one.

Casting your vote

  • The hours of poll for all elections is 7am to 10pm
  • On arrival at the poll station, the clerk will ask you to confirm your name and address. You will then receive your ballot paper(s)
  • The ballot paper(s) has an official stamp/barcode/watermark
  • Take the ballot paper to the voting booth and mark 'X' in the box next to the candidate(s) or party(s) or choice you wish to vote for
  • Put your completed ballot paper in the ballot box

Why pencils are used to mark ballot papers in polling stations

Pencils are used at polling stations for practical reasons: with ink pens there is always a risk that they may dry out or spill; ink may cause some transfer of the mark the voter has made on the ballot paper when they fold it, potentially leading to their vote being rejected if, for example, it looks like they have voted for more candidates or parties than they are entitled to. However there is no legal requirement for ballot papers to be marked with a pencil and voters can choose to bring their own pen into the polling station to vote.

Further information

To find out more about voting at polling stations, visit the national About My Vote page